Creating a Single Page Application (SPA) with Vue.js for frontend and using Laravel for backend authentication is a common setup. Below is a step-by-step guide on how to implement Vue SPA authentication with Laravel:
1. Set Up Laravel Backend:
Create a new Laravel project using Composer:bash
composer create-project laravel/laravel your-project-name
Set up the database credentials in the
.envfile and run database migrations:bash
php artisan migrate
Create an API route for handling user authentication in
Route::post('login', 'AuthController@login'); Route::post('logout', 'AuthController@logout'); Route::post('refresh', 'AuthController@refresh'); Route::post('me', 'AuthController@me');
AuthControllerto handle user authentication and JWT token generation:bash
php artisan make:controller AuthController
Implement the necessary methods for login, logout, token refresh, and getting the authenticated user in
2. Install and Configure JWT in Laravel:
tymon/jwt-authpackage for JWT token authentication:bash
composer require tymon/jwt-auth
Publish the JWT configuration file:bash
php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Tymon\JWTAuth\Providers\LaravelServiceProvider"
Generate the JWT secret key:bash
php artisan jwt:secret
Configure the JWT settings in
3. Set Up Vue.js Frontend:
Create a new Vue.js project using Vue CLI:bash
vue create your-project-name
Install the required dependencies for authentication:bash
npm install axios vue-router vue-axios jwt-decode
Set up the Vue Router to handle navigation in your SPA.
Create Vue components for login, registration, and protected content.
4. Implement Vue Authentication Logic:
- Create an
AuthService.jsfile to handle API requests for authentication using Axios.
- Implement methods for login, registration, logout, and refreshing the token in
- Use Vuex (optional but recommended) to manage the user state and store the JWT token.
5. Protect Routes in Vue Router:
- Use navigation guards in Vue Router to protect routes that require authentication. You can check if the user is authenticated before accessing protected routes.
6. Set Up CORS in Laravel:
- If your frontend is on a different domain than your Laravel backend, configure CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing) to allow cross-origin requests from your Vue app.
7. Test the Authentication Flow:
- Test the login, registration, and logout functionalities in your Vue app.
With the above steps, you should have a basic setup for Vue SPA authentication with Laravel as the backend. When a user logs in, the Vue app will receive a JWT token from the Laravel backend, which can be stored in the Vuex store or local storage. Subsequent requests to protected routes will include the JWT token, and the backend will verify the token to authenticate the user.
Please note that this is a high-level overview, and the actual implementation may vary depending on your specific requirements. Additionally, always ensure that you handle security aspects properly, such as validation, error handling, and secure token management.