If the large_client_header_buffers directive is not working as a fix for the Nginx 414 Request-URI Too Large error, there are several potential reasons and other configuration options you can try. The large_client_header_buffers directive is used to increase the buffer size for processing large HTTP headers, but it might not be the only factor causing the 414 error.

Here are some steps to troubleshoot and resolve the 414 Request-URI Too Large error in Nginx:

  1. Verify Nginx Configuration: Ensure that the large_client_header_buffers directive is correctly placed in your Nginx configuration file. It should be inside the http block.

    http { ... large_client_header_buffers 4 16k; ... }
  2. Reload Nginx: After making changes to the Nginx configuration, reload or restart Nginx to apply the new settings:

    sudo nginx -s reload
  3. Check Other Configuration Directives: The 414 error can also be triggered by other configuration directives in Nginx or even in your backend application. Ensure that there are no conflicting settings that might limit the request size.

  4. Check Backend Application: If your Nginx server is proxying requests to a backend application (e.g., Node.js, PHP, etc.), check the configuration and settings of the backend application. It might also have its own limits on request size.

  5. Review Frontend Code: If the large request is coming from a frontend application (e.g., a web form submission), review the frontend code and ensure that it's not sending excessively long URLs or large request payloads.

  6. Disable URL Parameters: If the request is sent via URL parameters, consider using POST instead of GET to avoid URL length limitations.

  7. Inspect Nginx Error Logs: Check the Nginx error logs (/var/log/nginx/error.log) for any relevant error messages. It might provide more insight into the cause of the 414 error.

  8. Inspect Browser Developer Tools: Use the browser's developer tools to inspect the request headers and check if there are any excessively large headers causing the issue.

  9. Use client_max_body_size: If the request contains large payloads (e.g., file uploads), consider using the client_max_body_size directive in Nginx to adjust the maximum size of the request body.

    http { ... client_max_body_size 20M; # Adjust the size as needed ... }
  10. Check Firewall or Security Settings: In some cases, firewall or security settings on the server or network may interfere with large requests.

  11. Reverse Proxy Settings: If Nginx is acting as a reverse proxy, check the settings of the upstream server as well.

Remember to test each change carefully and consider the security implications of increasing buffer sizes and request limits.

If the 414 error still persists after trying these steps, consider reaching out to the Nginx community or support for further assistance.

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