When using Jest to mock dependencies in ES modules that involve i18next, you may encounter some issues due to the way i18next handles default imports and ES6 modules. Here are some common solutions to address these mock errors:

  1. Mocking i18next with CommonJS Modules: Jest typically works well with CommonJS modules. Try mocking the i18next module as a CommonJS module by using the jest.mock function and a manual implementation of the default export.

    For example, assuming your i18next code looks like this:

    // myModule.js import i18next from 'i18next'; export const myFunction = () => { // ... };

    In your test file, mock i18next as a CommonJS module like this:

    // myModule.test.js jest.mock('i18next', () => ({ __esModule: true, default: { t: (key) => key, // Replace with your mock implementation if needed }, })); import { myFunction } from './myModule'; describe('myFunction', () => { // Your tests here });

    By using this manual mock, you should be able to overcome the issues with i18next and ES6 modules in your Jest tests.

  2. Mocking i18next with Babel Transform Modules Option: If you are using Babel to transpile your ES6 code, you can try using the transformModules option to transform i18next imports to CommonJS during the test environment.

    In your Babel configuration file (e.g., babel.config.js), add the following:

    module.exports = { presets: [ [ '@babel/preset-env', { targets: { node: 'current', }, modules: process.env.NODE_ENV === 'test' ? 'commonjs' : false, }, ], ], };

    This configuration will transform i18next imports to CommonJS modules when running in the test environment, allowing Jest to work with CommonJS-style mocks.

Remember to adjust these solutions based on your specific project setup and the way i18next is imported and used in your code. By using one of these methods, you can successfully mock i18next in your Jest tests for ES6 modules.

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