Deploying an application with a Python backend and an Angular frontend on Google App Engine (GAE) involves a few steps. Here's a high-level guide on how to do it:
Prepare the Frontend (Angular) Code: Before deploying the Angular frontend, you need to build the production version of your Angular app. Navigate to your Angular project folder and run the following command:bash
ng build --prod
This will create a
distfolder containing the compiled and optimized version of your Angular app.
Prepare the Backend (Python) Code: Ensure that your Python backend is ready for deployment. Organize your backend code, including any necessary dependencies, into the appropriate project structure.
Set Up Google Cloud Project: Create a new project on Google Cloud Console (https://console.cloud.google.com) if you haven't already. Enable the necessary APIs (App Engine, Cloud Storage, etc.) for your project.
Configure GAE app.yaml: Create an
app.yamlfile in the root directory of your Python backend. This file tells GAE how to run your application. Here's a basic example for Python:yaml
runtime: python39 instance_class: F2 handlers: - url: /.* script: auto
instance_classbased on your requirements.
Deploy the Backend (Python) to GAE: Use the
gcloudcommand-line tool to deploy your Python backend to GAE. Open a terminal, navigate to your backend directory, and run:bash
gcloud app deploy app.yaml
Follow the prompts to select your project and choose a region to deploy your app.
Deploy the Frontend (Angular) to GAE: Deploy your Angular frontend by uploading the contents of the
distfolder to a static file server in GAE. You can use Google Cloud Storage to host your static files.
First, create a new bucket in Google Cloud Storage to host your frontend files. Upload the contents of the
distfolder to the bucket.
Configure CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing): Since your frontend and backend are hosted on different origins, you need to configure CORS to allow cross-origin requests. Add appropriate CORS headers in your Python backend to allow requests from your Angular frontend.
Finalize Your App Configuration: Make sure your frontend code (e.g., API URLs) is configured to connect to the appropriate backend endpoints in the deployed environment.
Test the Deployed App: After deploying both the frontend and backend, visit the URL provided by GAE to access your application. Test it thoroughly to ensure that everything works as expected.
Set Up Custom Domain (Optional): If you want to use a custom domain for your app, you can configure it in the GAE settings or use a service like Google Cloud DNS.
Please note that deploying on Google App Engine is just one approach. Depending on your requirements and project complexity, you might also consider other deployment options like Kubernetes, Firebase Hosting, or a traditional web server. Choose the one that best suits your application needs.