In AngularJS, a directive can utilize the $sce (Strict Contextual Escaping) service and the $compile service to work with and manipulate HTML content safely. These services are useful when dealing with dynamic or potentially unsafe content that needs to be rendered inside a directive. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to create an AngularJS directive that uses both $sce and $compile:

  1. Setup AngularJS App and Directive: First, ensure you have set up your AngularJS app and have defined a custom directive. If you haven't already done this, here's a simple example of an AngularJS app with a custom directive:

    <!DOCTYPE html> <html ng-app="myApp"> <head> <script src=""></script> </head> <body> <div my-directive></div> <script> angular.module('myApp', []) .directive('myDirective', function() { return { restrict: 'A', template: '<div>{{dynamicContent}}</div>', controller: 'MyDirectiveController' }; }) .controller('MyDirectiveController', ['$scope', function($scope) { // Your controller logic here }]); </script> </body> </html>
  2. Use $sce and $compile in the Directive: Now, we'll modify the directive to use $sce and $compile to handle potentially unsafe HTML content.

    angular.module('myApp', []) .directive('myDirective', ['$sce', '$compile', function($sce, $compile) { return { restrict: 'A', template: '<div ng-bind-html="trustedHtml"></div>', controller: 'MyDirectiveController', link: function(scope, element, attrs) { // Your directive link function logic here var unsafeHtml = '<span style="color: red;">Hello, <b>{{name}}</b>!</span>'; // Use $sce to mark the HTML content as trusted var trustedHtml = $sce.trustAsHtml(unsafeHtml); // Assign the trusted HTML to the scope variable scope.trustedHtml = trustedHtml; // Use $compile to compile the HTML with the scope $compile(element.contents())(scope); } }; }]) .controller('MyDirectiveController', ['$scope', function($scope) { // Your controller logic here $ = 'John Doe'; }]);

    In this example, we've updated the directive's template to use ng-bind-html, which allows AngularJS to render HTML content safely. Inside the link function of the directive, we create the unsafeHtml variable, which contains the HTML content we want to display. We then use $sce.trustAsHtml() to mark the HTML as trusted, indicating to AngularJS that it's safe to render.

    Next, we assign the trusted HTML to the scope.trustedHtml variable. Finally, we use $compile to compile the HTML with the directive's scope, making sure any AngularJS expressions ({{name}} in this case) are evaluated properly.

    By using $sce and $compile, we can safely render dynamic HTML content inside our AngularJS directive while avoiding potential security risks associated with untrusted content.

Remember that when dealing with dynamic content, especially if it comes from external sources, it's crucial to ensure proper validation and sanitation to prevent any security vulnerabilities in your application. Using $sce and $compile is just one step in the process of handling and rendering dynamic content securely.

Have questions or queries?
Get in Touch